Korean War POW MIA Network
Statement presented by Command Sergeant Major Timothy F. Casey, USA-Ret, to the North Korean Ambassador to the United Nations 9 May 1997. Discussions to establish Joint US-NK Recovery Operations for recovering remains of US POW-MIA, determine possibility of live US POWs in NK, etc.
I am Tim Casey with the Association of Korean War Ex-POW, Inc.
Today there has been much discussion related to POW-MIA affairs which
concerned the actions of the Chinese Peoples' Volunteers and the Soviet Armed Forces.
Certainly your government had little to do with their actions nor can you reply for them.
However, I would like to discuss a POW-MIA issue that pertains directly to the Korean Peoples' government. Specifically concerning American POWs who were captured during the early weeks of the war.
American soldiers captured the first few weeks of July 1950, were under the sole control of the Korean Peoples Army. They were first consolidated in Seoul and later in P'yong-yang, at what I believe was Kim Il Sung University, and then moved through a series of transient prison camps. This group of American POWs numbered greater than 700 soldiers and civilians. Transient camps for this group were located at Manpo, Chung'gang-jin, Hanjang-ni and An-dong. At all times the group was under the direct supervision, control and responsibility of either the Peoples' Army or the Korean Peoples' Security Police.
Of the original 700 or more POWs, approximately 500 POWs died and were buried at the previously mentioned transient camps. The transient POW camps where this group was incarcerated, and the routes leading to them, would be a prime choice for Joint Recovery Operations.
When the Korean Peoples' Army relinquished control of the 200 surviving POWs they were transferred, in October 1951, to the Chinese Peoples' Volunteers POW Camp 3 at Chang-song.
Another separate area, but of equal concern to former Korean War POWs, are two mining camps in the DPRK that were used by the Chinese Peoples' Volunteers as transient camps for American POWs. The Suan Mining Camp located southeast of P'yong-yang and the Pukchin Mining Camp located midway between Kunu-ri and Pyoktong. Due the high rate of deaths and burials at these both locations they should also be seriously considered for Joint Recovery Operations.
At the end of this discussion I will provide your delegation with a list of the July 1950-October 1951 deceased POWs that indicates their place of burial.